Dry needling canton is a physical therapy technique that involves the use of thin needles to stimulate muscle and connective tissue. It is used to treat muscular pain and dysfunction by directly targeting trigger points, which are knotted tight muscles that restrict movement and create referred pain or tenderness. It is an evidence-based treatment and can be utilized as a tool to reduce pain, improve function, and restore mobility.
The insertion of the dry needling needles causes very little discomfort. Depending on the area, you may feel a brief cramping or aching sensation from the needle insertion. A specialized physical therapist is trained to insert the needles to the target muscle or muscle group. Several needles may be used during the session. The treatment is performed in quiet, private exam rooms and can be part of a comprehensive physical therapy plan including manual therapy.
When the dry needling needle hits a trigger point, it elicits an involuntary twitch response. This local twitch response is an important sign as it confirms the presence of the trigger point and deactivates the muscle.
The needles inserted into the muscle are not attached to anything else and are designed to cause a micro lesion within the pathological tissue, breaking up shortened tissues, inhibiting a reflex arc from the nervous system, normalizing the inflammatory process and centrally mediating the pain. Studies have shown that the length of time the needle is left in place, eliciting specific sensations and using manipulation techniques such as pistoning (fast in/out technique or sparrow pecking) can all influence pain relief.